In 1831 the mission was disrupted, and the Clauders were forced out of the Cherokee territory by the Georgia state military authorities. They returned to Salem with their son Charles and the widow Anna Maria (Grabs) Gambold. Early in 1832, however, conditions in the Cherokee mission had become calmer, and the Clauders were able to return. He was appointed postmaster at Springplace, the other Moravian settlement among the Cherokees. This was a position that was conferred by the Postmaster General in Washington, and apparently provided some security and protection from the Georgia authorities. Charlotte's sister Sophia Dorothea Ruede went with them. Sophia later married Miles Philip Vogler
In February 1833, however, they were forced out of Georgia again, by three Georgia families who claimed that they had rented Springplace and the lands belonging to it from the winner of a ticket in the Georgia lottery, giving them power of possession of the houses there. The Clauders moved over the border into Tennessee, to a location described as 18 miles from Springplace, on the Connasauqua River, owned by a Captian McNair who is referred to as a friend of the Moravians. By this time it was becoming clear that the Cherokees were to be forced out of their lands and driven to the west, and an entry in the Moravian diaries, made on December 27, 1833, concludes with the poignant words written to Br. Clauder by former missionaries in North Carolina, that he should tell the Cherokees "they shall not be forsaken by us, with the request that in case of removal they try to keep together and upon arrival in the land of their sojourn they can rebuild together with their teachers near them..." [Records of the Moravians in NC 8:4095]
After an effort to keep the mission efforts going in Tennessee, the Clauders returned to Salem in 1836 for several months. Br. Clauder went back to the mission in the spring of 1837, but by then the Cherokees were dispersing to the west (the "Trail of Tears"), and their sorrowful departure is recorded in the Moravian diaries.
Children of Heinrich Gottlieb Clauder and Charlotte Elizabeth Ruede
Amos Comenius Clauder
Mary Sophia Clauder
Martha Louisa Clauder
Frederick Augustus Clauder (1838-?)
Charles Ignatius Clauder (ca. 1830-1863)
Anna Elizabeth Clauder (1831-1919) m. Edward William Leinbach (1823-1900)
Henry Theophius Clauder
Jane Charlotte Clauder
Sarah Adelaide Clauder
Otelia Virginia Clauder
In 1839, the Clauders moved to Staten Island, NY, with Amos, Mary Sophia, Martha, and Frederick. Although less than 10 years old, the children Charles and Anna Elizabeth remained in Salem "in the bosom of the congregation". The remaining children were born after they left North Carolina.
Charles Ignatius Clauder must have been born in Georgia, in 1830 or 1831, since the notes on his parents' return to Salem in 1831 mention their little son. He was sent to Nazareth PA to school in 1843, and was back in Salem by 1858, where he appears to have been serving as a church organist. He was killed at Fredericksburg VA on May 3, 1863.
Anna Elizabeth was born in North Carolina, during the Clauders' return there in 1832, and remained in Salem when her parents and younger siblings moved to Staten Island. In 1844 she was sent to the girls' boarding school at Bethlehem. Sometime between 1850 and 1855 she returned to Salem, and married Edward William Leinbach. Both are buried at Salem Moravian, as are two of their daughters who appear not to have married but lived into their eighties.
Forsyth County census and cemetery records
This page was created on July 15, 2001 and revised on August 26, 2001. It was initially intended simply as a little page for the husband of Anna Rosina Transou, but the Moravian diary entries about the Clauders turned out to be unexpectedly interesting, especially the look at the Cherokee tragedy through the eyes of people who saw it first-hand.
©, 2001-2007 Faye Jarvis Moran
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